Wax Formation and Control
This course aims to provide an awareness of how wax may be formed and controlled and the effects that it can have on pipeline flow. The course examines what wax is and how it is formed. It discusses flow assurance, details the risks of pipeline plugging by wax, and outlines the various methods of controlling wax formation.
LO1 Explain what wax is, the conditions it forms under, and the risks it can create
LO2 Identify where and when in a typical condensate or oil system wax may occur and explain how wax influences viscosity and deposits to form blockages
LO3 Describe how wax deposition conditions may be prevented from occurring during typical operating states and explain how the rate of deposition may be slowed down
LO4 Explain how wax can be removed after it has deposited, and identify the risks that may occur during removal
LO5 Describe how wax deposition can be estimated and measured and explain how these values influence field operating practice